Children’s Relationship Attribution Measure (CRAM)
The two stimulus behaviors used in the CRAM are:
("Imagine your dad [mom] yelled at
"Imagine your dad [mom] criticized
For each parental behavior, children rated their
agreement with six attribution
father's [mother's] behavior was due to something about him [her]--because
he [she] was tired, or because he [she] was in a bad mood, or because
that's the way he [she] is"),
- ("Do you think that your dad [mom]
will criticize you for the same reason the next time he [she] criticizes
- ("Do you think that the reason your
dad [mother] criticizes you affects other things that he [she] says or
does to you, or other things that happen between the two of you?").
you think your mom [dad] criticized you on purpose to hurt your
you think that your mom [dad] was thinking only about herself [himself]
when she [he] criticized you?"), and
you think that your dad [mom] should he blamed for criticizing
These questions were rate on a 6-point rating scale,
ranging from disagree strongly to agree strongly.
Fincham, F.D., Beach, S.R., Arias, I., & Brody, G. (1998). Children's attributions in the family: The
Children's Relationship Attribution Measure. Journal of Family Psychology, 12, 481-493.